Cleveland is an area in the north east of England. Its name means literally "cliff-land", referring to its hilly southern areas, which rise to nearly 1,500 ft. Historically Cleveland, part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, was located entirely to the south of the River Tees and its largest town was Guisborough. At this time the use of the name Cleveland or Teesside to refer to the area was virtually interchangeable.
A non-metropolitan county of Cleveland was created in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, named after the historic region but not covering it all, and also including land north of the River Tees in County Durham. It was based around the Teesside urban area and included Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees, Hartlepool and Redcar. The county was abolished in 1996 with its boroughs becoming unitary authorities and the Tees re-established as the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham for ceremonial purposes only.
Locations within Cleveland:
Teesside County Borough
Thornaby on Tees