Towns Online  
UK - France - Spain - Switzerland - Turkey
 
 

Image by Vandelizer on Flickr
   
 
 
 

Turkey Information

Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), known officially as the Republic of Turkey, is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace (Rumelia) in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhichevan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. Separating Anatolia and Thrace are the Sea of Marmara and the Turkish Straits (the Bosporus and the Dardanelles), which are commonly reckoned to delineate the boundary between Europe and Asia, thereby making Turkey transcontinental.

Turkey is the successor state to the Ottoman Empire, a major historical power which lasted for more than six centuries on three continents, controlling most of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. As a result of its location astride Europe and Asia, Turkey has come to acquire increasing strategic significance. Turks are the largest ethnic group with minorities of Kurds. Islam is the predominant religion, and the official language is the Turkish language.

Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic whose political system was established in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I. Since then, Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the EEC since 1963, and having reached a customs union agreement in 1995. Meanwhile, Turkey has continued to foster close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Eastern world, particularly with the states of the Middle East and Central Asia, through membership in organizations such as the OIC and ECO. Turkey is classified as a developed country by the CIA and as a regional power by political scientists and economists worldwide.

Share |

Golf holiday in Turkey, Belek, Antalya - Golf Courses Turkey
Golf holidays in Turkey, Bilyana Golf is the leading Turkish golfing travel agent offering all golf tourism services. Golf resorts in Belek, Special offers, Golf Packages and more...

Proper Car Rental Bodrum, Turkey, Dalaman, Izmir, Antalya, Istanbul, Ankara - Car rental service in Bodrum, Turkey, Dalaman, Izmir, Antalya, Istanbul, Marmaris, Fethiye, Didim, Kusadasi, Ankara with competitive rates to rent a car, minibus, jeep also airport transfer service.

Property in Turkey

Visiting Turkey?

Book your hotels in Turkey with our partner - booking.com

 

Select a region for more information:

Buy Turkish Lira, Euros and other Holiday Money

Turkey Facts

Population:
74,816,000 (2009)

Capital:
Ankara

Official language:
Turkish

Currency:

Turkish Lira (TUR) - Compare Turkish Lira Rates

Time zone:
EET (UTC+2) - Summer EEST (UTC+3)

Internet TLD:

.tr

Calling code:

90

Money Convertion - GBP to TRL

 
     
 
   

 
 
   

 
 
 
© Towns-Online 1997-2011. Towns-Online is a Future Interactive company