former "Free County" of Burgundy, as distinct from the
neighbouring Duchy, is an administrative region and a
traditional province of eastern France. It is composed of
the modern departments of Doubs, Jura, Haute-Saône and
Territoire de Belfort and has a population of 1,159,000
The principal cities are Besançon (a historical city and the modern area capital of the region), Belfort, and Montbéliard (Aire Urbaine Belfort-Montbéliard-Héricourt-Delle). Others important cities are Dole (capital before the region was conquered by Louis XIV in the late 17th century), Vesoul (capital of Haute-Saône), Arbois (the "wine capital" of the Jura), and Lons-le-Saunier (capital of Jura).